The is relief-decorative laying represents an accurate grid of front seams with compositions from flat or relief drawings-ornaments ( fig. 8, 9 ).
a Fig. 8. An is relief-decorative laying: and - a flat ornament.
a Fig. 8. An is relief-decorative laying (continuation):
And - a flat ornament; - a relief ornament.
a Fig. 9. An is relief-decorative laying:
And - a corbel from the bricks located at an angle; - a corbel from the bricks located at an angle and on an edge.
Ornaments, as a rule, give all the best bricks of different colour.
The Decorative laying gives to buildings special architectural expressiveness and individual shape.
At architectural registration of facades various receptions of registration are used. For example, from a silicate brick pilasters can give all the best; from a brick of red colour - sites under windows, over crosspieces and the vertical rows framing apertures of windows or doors. The stylised images of figures of animals, plants and other subjects give all the best usually on templates.
Besides, architectural details serve for registration of platbands, slopes, corbels, socles, facades and concern the complicated parts of a laying. These are eaves from bricks, pilasters, corbels, rusty, sandriki, bay windows, etc.
Sandrikom name architectural details over window or doorways, more often in the form of supporting a plane of a wall of the eaves topped with a pediment. Frames happen as rectangular, so curvilinear outline.
Rusty are horizontal furrows which are located through four-eight numbers in a laying on depth of 30-60 mm. They dismember a facade on belts and create a relief surface. .
Depending on complexity of a laying distinguish walls:
- the simple external complicated parts occupy the space no more than 10% from the general obverse surface of walls;
- average complexity: the complicated parts occupy the space no more than 20% of an obverse surface of external walls;
- the difficult: the complicated parts occupy no more than 40% of the general surface;
- especially difficult: the complicated parts occupy more than 40% of a total area.
Architectural details give all the best from bricks which act in the form of arms with a step profile. Arms are carried out by the obverse brick put flatwise or put on an edge. Fields available between arms fill with an ordinary either profile brick or art inserts.
Acting numbers of a laying are carried out from the whole bricks irrespective of bandaging. Thus sves each number should not exceed 1 / 3 length of a brick, and the general carrying out of not reinforced eaves - no more 1 / 2 a thickness of a wall. If carrying out has made 1 / 2 thickness of a wall arrange eaves from the reinforced bricklaying on a solution of mark 25 or from modular ferro-concrete elements, zaankerirovannyh in a laying. .
For overhanging numbers of eaves, corbels and other details for which it is necessary teska a brick, hollow and obverse bricks are used.
Architectural details krepjat the same as and at a laying: hooks, crutches (are closed up in nests) and skobami (are closed up in laying seams). Also apply also some other ways. .
Eaves from modular details which have carrying out a little more than a thickness of a wall, fix ankernymi the bolts which have been preliminary closed up in a laying.
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