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the roof Device

the Tile roof ( fig. 60 ) is one of the most effective from the point of view of architectural expressiveness and durability. Its main lack - the big weight.

the Tile roof: and - from a grooving stamped tile; - from a grooving tape tile; 1 - rafters; 2 - obreshetka

a Fig. 60. A tile roof :
And - from a grooving stamped tile; - from a grooving tape tile; 1 - rafters; 2 - obreshetka

The Tile roof stack on obreshetku. Obreshetochnye bruski should be located on strictly certain distance from each other. It is necessary that suspended by the top inflow to obreshetochnomu brusku the tile the bottom ledge densely entered into a nimbus of an underlaying tile.

If a tile start to stack from svesa horizontal numbers thus it is necessary to observe density of connections in all joints. Each element of the tile laid along pediment and karniznyh svesov, adhere through one among to obreshetke. In other numbers - every second or third element.

For more dense connection and maintenance neproduvaemosti seams it is possible to miss the mark all horizontal seams with clay or an izvestkovo-sandy solution with addition of fibrous materials.

For a fad covering the tile is used konkovaja. Before a paving strengthen konkovyj a bar, and then on a solution stack konkovuju a tile so that it closed both thorns of an ordinary covering of opposite slopes. A konkovuju tile krepjat a wire through one to the nails hammered into a lattice.

the Roof from asbestotsementnogo a fibrous material ( fig. 61 ) is durable enough. It is easily sawn and drilled. Obreshetka under a roof of this kind should be located so that interfaces of sheets had over bruskami.

Asbotsementnaja a roof: and - a slope covering; - fastening of a detail by nails

a Fig. 61. An asbotsementnaja roof :
And - a slope covering; - fastening of a detail by nails

Packing of sheets is made from below upwards by horizontal numbers so that among everyone the subsequent sheet blocked previous on one wave.

Sheets fasten to obreshetke by means of the zinced screws and nails. They should be put only in the wave highest point. Apertures for them are preliminary bored through, and under heads washers from the zinced steel, rubber or a lining from two layers of roofing material are put. On svesu to obreshetke fasten protivovetrovye skoby from a strip steel with which help join asbestotsementnye sheets to obreshetke.

Each overlying number is filled on underlaying, on 12 - 15 see

For more dense prileganija and also to avoid cracks and backlashes, preliminary saw off corners of sheets. The fad is closed up by means of special asbestotsementnyh details. In case of their absence it is possible to take advantage of the zinced roofing steel. The konkovoe covering is arranged from two boards which are wrapped up from above by a strip from such steel. .

the Roof from tonkolistovoj steels ( fig. 62 ) are durable, but at the same time work with this material is labour-consuming enough.

the Roof from tonkolistovoj steels: and - an ordinary covering of a slope; - fastening of sheets kljammeroj; 1 - a steel sheet; 2 - a standing fold; 3 - a lying fold; 4, 7 - kljammera; 5 - a crutch; 6 - obreshetka; 8 - a nail

a Fig. 62. A roof from tonkolistovoj steels :
And - an ordinary covering of a slope; - fastening of sheets kljammeroj; 1 - a steel sheet; 2 - a standing fold; 3 - a lying fold; 4, 7 - kljammera; 5 - a crutch; 6 - obreshetka; 8 - a nail

Roofing sheets let out two kinds: from soft otozhzhennoj steels (black) and zinced from two parties. The zinced sheets can be used at once, without preliminary preparation. A black steel at first clear of a rust, wipe a rag factory greasing and from both parties cover with drying oil. Prooliflennye sheets put on an edge to dry under a canopy.

The Steel roof also establish on obreshetke. Under horizontal folds stack boards. For a covering of this kind it is better to use the continuous lattice covered from above with roofing material or painted from below by an oil paint. .

Connection of sheets is made by means of folds. For horizontal seams use lying folds, for vertical - standing.

After performance obreshetki preparation of sheets is made. Sheets incorporate in pictures, on two in everyone. With that end in view on a flat surface, on edge of which long party the metal corner is attached, along all edges of sheet unbend folds, and then both sheets connect on the short party by means of lying folds in pictures.

On dvuskatnoj to a roof sheets stack from a pediment. Them krepjat to a roof with the help kljammer. In places of longitudinal joints in a ready strip of joining of pictures straighten edges of standing folds and the strips stacked on a slope, put on the fad so that it was possible subsequently, after scraps, to unbend an edge on slopes and to arrange on the fad a standing fold. .

By One end kljammery are nailed up to obreshetke, and another which will turn on 90 °, close up in standing folds of a roof.

From the zinced steel it is possible not to paint the Roof within 10 years, and from a black steel right after devices follows otgruntovat and to paint.


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