For an accomplishment and an ornament of space round the house create various flower beds, lawns, plant trees and shrubs in verandahs, terraces, arbours, house walls.
Beds concern flower beds, rabatki, orchestras, borders, miksbordery, etc.
Beds can be the various form (round, rectangular, etc.).
Is better to choose for a bed the open, well shined place at an input in the house ( rice . 78 ), opposite to windows or a terrace. If there is no enough shined place in a flower bed it is possible to plant tenevynoslivye plants.
a Fig. 78. Ornamental plants near the house
The Soil for a planting of flowers on a bed should be raised approximately on 10 sm in comparison with the basic level of territory of a site to reach its best review.
Depth of a working layer of earth should be nearby 50 see Beforehand in soil it is necessary to introduce fertilizers.
The bed Protection can be laid out from a brick, a ceramic tile or turf.
On the beds located in shined places, phloxes, asters, camomiles, peonies, a geranium, klematisy, roses, irises, a lavender, a sage, etc. well grow
For the shaded beds hand bells, astilba, akvilegija, a forget-me-not, kupena, manzhetka, a fern, etc. will approach
In the bed center it is possible to land an effective single plant with beautiful colours or leaves.
Solitery - so name a single planting of flowers. One plant (soliter) land more often on a lawn. The long-term either annual plant or an ornamental shrub can be it.
At creation solitera it is necessary to approach with special carefulness to a choice of a place of landing, a background for a single plant and its kind. The lawn, and also bushes, groups of trees or a house wall can be a background. The plant should have beautiful leaves, flowers, stalks, the bush form.
odinochno the planted lily, a peony, kohija, an iris, ljupin long-term, etc. Effectively look
Rabatki are flower strips along paths, arbours, house walls, among a lawn or round it.
The Width rabatki can be from 0,5 m to 3 m. It depends on the area of a site, a lawn and from plants which on it will be landed. The best for rabatok are for a long time blossoming odnoletniki.
The Internal ground rabatki should be above the core on 10 the Soil layer see it is necessary to process on depth not less than 30 sm with entering of necessary fertilizers.
Rabatki can be issued a ceramic tile, to impose with turf and other materials.
They can be one-colour and consist of several kinds of flower cultures. In motley rabatke it is possible to use a great number of beautifully blossoming plants. On perimetre in the foreground it is possible to land low plants, and on a background - higher.
Borders are the flower plantings representing a narrow strip of flower cultures from one or several numbers. By means of a border it is possible to divide transition from one zone of a garden in another.
Plants for a border on colour should contrast with colours on beds, rabatkah and together with other flower plantings to create the finished kind. For this purpose approach low or steljushchiesja plants (ageratum, lobelija, a begonia, alissum, etc.). The combination very gracefully looks pink begonias and a double number white alissuma.
Parternye of group are correctly outlined platforms which place on crossing of paths against a lawn or bushes. A soil layer for them do not raise. .
On such platforms land early bulbous plants, grassy mnogoletniki, low ornamental shrubs.
Miksbordery are multigroup modular landings of decorative serially blossoming plants. Flower cultures have in these landings so that on a measure ottsvetanija one on the same place others were dismissed and thanks to it constant flowering, and decorative effect since spring till the autumn was reached. Flower plants land groups, and they should be in harmony on colouring.
Miksbordery can be different under the form: with accurate correct lines of the parties of a rectangle, or in the form of a figure of the wrong form, or freakish, etc. .
The Width miksbordera should be 1,5 m and more, length - not less than 4 m. Place it along the basic paths. Miksborder should look well from the different parties.
High plants land on a background, the others have in process of decrease in height more close to paths.
In the beginning it is necessary to define flower bed contours, to draw it on a paper and to divide into three equal parts: forward, average and a background miksbordera.
On a background there should be high plants (from 0,8 to 1,5, on an average - sredneroslye (from 40 to 70 sm), on forward - undersized (to 30 sm).
On a background instead of high plants it is possible to land ornamental shrubs.
The Best variant of placing of alternately blossoming plants in miksbordere the following.
the Background for spring flowering - ornamental shrubs: bobovnik (almonds), plum terry, a quince Japanese, a rhododendron. .
Summer flowering - an adonis, peonies, ljupin long-term, camomiles, lilies, etc.
Autumn flowering - phloxes, dahlias, gladioluses, malvy, an aster long-term, a chrysanthemum Korean, rudbekija, a gold sphere.
the Average plan for spring flowering - tulips and narcissuses of various grades, kupalnitsa, a primrose sredneroslaja, kaluzhnitsa, vetrenitsa.
Summer flowering - a hand bell, a carnation, a petunia, akvilegija, naperstjanka, diklitra, piretrum, monbretsija. .
Autumn flowering - a calendula, barhattsy high, an aster annual, an anemone, gejhera.
the Foreground for spring flowering - a hyacinth, a crocus spring, a forget-me-not, a daisy, a primrose, a snowdrop, a phlox shilovidnyj, a violet of Vitrokka, a glade, arabis, pushkinija.
Summer flowering - a petunia, a nasturtium, a vervain, a begonia klubnevaja, a sage of low grades, an edelweiss, iberis, tagenes low, an anemone koronchataja. .
Autumn flowering - an annual aster of low-growing grades, pelargonija, bezvremennik.