Skobchataja a carving
Skobchataja a carving is simple enough for performance and is well combined in ornaments with a geometrical carving. But for it, except a knife, semicircular chisels is required some. .
The Basic element skobchatoj carvings is lunka which is carried out by means of sequence of two simple actions: notches and podrezki. In the chosen place of a board the chisel vertically goes deep into a tree on 3-4 mm then by a knife it is cut out lunka. For performance of a nail the chip is cut out from wood not by a knife, and a chisel. If it is necessary to cut out a circle a chisel it is necessary to turn simply all time in one direction. From combinations of simple elements skobchatoj carvings turn out such details, as sockets, tsvetki, leaflets, circles, waves ( fig. 50 ).
a Fig. 50. A skobchataja carving
Ploskorelefnaja a carving
In this kind of a carving the patterns acting over a plane of a background on small distance are used, usually distinguish zaovalnuju a carving used for an ornament of contours, and abramtsevo-kudrinskuju a carving which is carried out on a plane. .
At use of receptions zaovalnoj carvings the pattern is cut out by two-sided dredging with the rounded off edges. If drawing details settle down at different level, such pattern has so-called podushechnyj a background. If edges of acting details of an ornament are approximated, and the background is cut deeply out by a knife or a direct chisel, such reception name a carving with the chosen background ( fig. 51 ). .
a Fig. 51. A ploskorelefnaja carving:
And - with podushechnym a background; - with the chosen background
Abramtzevo-kudrinskaja a carving is used for reception of patterns both with podushechnym, and with the chosen background. Various chisels and a knife-jamb are necessary for work. .
Before the work beginning on a board surface it is necessary to draw a simple pencil a desirable ornament. By means of a knife and a chisel the notch on a drawing contour on depth of 1-2 mm is made. podrezka it is carried out from outside a background. Edges of an element of an ornament it is necessary zaovalit. At desire it is possible to remove all background then the pattern will act more accurately over a board plane ( fig. 52 ).
a Fig. 52. Abramtzevo-kudrinskaja a carving with the chosen background
the Procarved and unprofitable carving
The Products executed in these ways of a carving, are traditional and very expressive elements of ornaments of buildings. For reception of a desirable pattern on the chosen material the pencil puts drawing on which it will be made vyrezyvanie. Ornament elements can be cut out, processed and strengthened in the necessary order on any plane. This type of a carving is called to waybills. For a facade ornament the board with the ornament cut out in it ( fig. 53 ) also can be used. Such type of a carving is called as procarved. Thus patterns with traditional Russian symbolics are often used. .
a Fig. 53. A procarved pattern "¤юыю=хэчх"
< - back