The Tools used for a plastering, are rather various, as carry out various functions and strongly differ from each other under the form. In this connection all tools share on cutting, scraper and smoothing down.
Chisels concern cutting tools and skarpeli ( fig. 36 ) knifes.
a Fig. 36. The cutting tool :
And, - knifes; in - direct chisels; g - semicircular chisels; d - skarpeli.
Knifes can have length klinka from 5 to 12 sm and width from 1 to 3 see Use them for cutting of surpluses of plaster, nadrezki elastic forms etc.
Chisels are applied to forming and decorative works. They share on direct and semicircular depending on feather section.
Skarpel represents sterzhenek from a steel in length from 20 to 30 sm, on the one hand coming to an end stupid obushkom, and with another - a sharp tip. Skarpelem work, holding it in the left hand and striking on obushku a hammer. Usually it apply for raskolotki the draught form. .
More often at a moulding such scraper tools, as tsikli, stacks, tsarapki and tupilki ( fig. 37 ) are used. They are necessary for zachistki seams, prodelyvanija apertures and alignment of surfaces.
a Fig. 37. The scraper tool :
And - tsarapki; 6 - stacks; in - tsiklja; g - tupilki.
Tsikli - plates from a steel, having the size 15x5 sm, with zubchikami on one party. Are used for removal of surpluses of plaster and levelling of a surface of a product. .
Stacks can be made of a tree or plastic, wooden stacks with the smooth or jagged metal tips also are used. By means of this tool make product processing at different stages of work and put glue on model at formovke.
Tsarapki also can have the smooth or jagged tips with which from products superfluous plaster or an old paint leaves.
Tupilki are similar on tsarapki, but have narrower edge with the bent tip. They are very convenient when it is necessary to remove the hardened clay solution from model or to make on a product surface small flutes. .
Smoothing down tools
To Smooth surfaces it is possible also scraper tools with smooth edges, but to use special adaptations more conveniently: gladilki , shovniki and shovels ( fig. 38 ).
a Fig. 38. The smoothing down tool :
And - shovniki; - shovels.
Gladilki are used at processing of a plane of a background before casting of details of an ornament. This tool represents a plate from a firm tree with the handle attached to it. .
Shovniki make in the form of small utjuzhkov or mobile platens on the wooden handle and apply to smoothing on a surface of a product of roughnesses in the form of various flutes, grooves and scratches.
Shovels are used, practically at all stages of a plastering: for alignment of not fallen asleep plaster solution, for drawing opleska on model, for puttying of junctions of details of an ornament and elimination of defects on a finished article. By means of the shovels having the pointed ends, it is possible to do deepenings in the fallen asleep plaster at manufacturing of cases for glutinous forms. .
At creation of plaster ornaments some auxiliary tools can be necessary for facades : mixers, brushes, chisels, nozhovki, files, skins, flat-nose pliers, pincers etc.